Taça de Ouro 1982

Die Taça de Ouro 1982 war die 26. Spielzeit der brasilianischen Fußballmeisterschaft.

Der Wettbewerb startete am 17. Januar 1982 in seine neue Saison und endete am 25. April 1982. Die Meisterschaft wurde vom nationalen Verband CBF ausgerichtet. Am Ende der Saison konnte der Flamengo Rio de Janeiro seinen dritten Titel feiern, welcher innerhalb von vier Jahren erreicht werden konnte. Die Meisterschaft war gespickt mit zahlreichen Nationalspielern wie Zico, Leandro, Bebeto, u.a.

Nach der Saison wurden wie jedes Jahr Auszeichnungen an die besten Spieler des Jahres vergeben. Der „Goldenen Ball“, vergeben von der Sportzeitschrift Placar, ging an Zico vom Meister CR Flamengo. Torschützenkönig wurde mit 21 Treffern ebenfalls Zico.

Als Teilnehmer wurden zunächst festgelegt die 38 besten Mannschaften der Staatsmeisterschaften. Das Feld wurde dann noch aufgefüllt um den Titelverteidiger der Saison 1981. Vervollständigt wurde die Runde mit dem Meister der Serie B 1981 Campo Grande AC. Des Weiteren kamen die besten vier Mannschaften des Taça de Prata (zweite Liga) 1982 hinzu, welche aber erst in der zweiten Runde des Wettbewerbs antraten.

Die teilnehmenden Mannschaften wurden zunächst in acht Hauptgruppen aufgeteilt, die nebeneinander Vorrundenspiele austrugen.

1. Runde:

In den Gruppen A bis H spielten die Mannschaften in Gruppen zu fünft mit Hin- und Rückrunde. Die besten drei einer Gruppe zogen direkt in die nächste Runde ein. Die viertplatzierten jeder Gruppe kamen in eine Ausscheidungsrunde.

Ausscheidungsrunde:

Die acht Mannschaften spielten in vier Paarungen einmal gegeneinander. Die Sieger dieser Spiele vervollständigten das Teilnehmerfeld der zweiten Runde.

2. Runde:

In den Gruppen I bis P spielten die Mannschaften in Gruppen zu viert mit Hin- und Rückrunde. Die besten zwei einer Gruppe zogen direkt ins Achtelfinale ein.

Finalrunde:

Vom Viertelfinale bis zum Finale wurden alle Spiele in Hin- und Rückspielen ausgetragen.

Gesamttabelle:

Aus den Ergebnissen aller Spiele wurde eine Gesamttabelle gebildet. Diese wird vom nationalen Verband zur Berechnung der ewigen Bestenliste genutzt.

Die Entscheidung zwischen Plätzen eins und zwei fiel nicht aufgrund des besseren Torverhältnisses, sondern aufgrund des direkten Vergleiches.

Die Entscheidung zwischen Plätzen vier und fünf (fünf gleich Abstieg in untere Liga) fiel aufgrund des direkten Vergleiches.

Nach dem 0:0 zwischen Londrina EC und Goiás EC zog der Londrina EC in die zweite Runde ein, da dieser in der ersten Runde ein besseres Ergebnis erzielte.

Neben den direkt qualifizierten Mannschaften und den Qualifikanten aus der Ausscheidungsrunde, vervollständigen die vier Teilnehmer aus Taça de Prata 1982 das Feld (America FC (RJ), Corinthians São Paulo, Atlético Paranaense, SC São Paulo).

Die Entscheidung zwischen Platz eins und zwei sowie vier und fünf (fünf gleich Abstieg in untere Liga) fiel aufgrund des direkten Vergleiches.

Die Entscheidung zwischen dem Goiás EC und dem FC Santos fiel aufgrund des besseren Abschneidens in der dritten Runde.

Nach Gleichstand in Hin- und Rückstand zwischen dem Bangu AC und dem SC Corinthians, zog der SC Corinthians aufgrund der besseren Performance im Achtelfinale ins Halbfinale ein.

Die Tabelle diente lediglich zur Feststellung der Platzierung der einzelnen Mannschaften in der Saison. Sie setzt sich zusammen aus allen ausgetragenen Spielen. In der Sortierung hat das erreichen der jeweiligen Finalphase Vorrang vor den erzielten Punkten. Die Spiele aus der Ausscheidungsrunde fanden keine Berücksichtigung.

Taça Brasil:
1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968

Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa:
1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970

Campeonato Nacional de Clubes:
1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974

Copa Brasil:
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980

Taça de Ouro:
1981 | 1982 | 1983

Copa Brasil:
1984 | 1985 | 1986

Taça Roberto Gomes Pedrosa & Copa União:
1987

Copa União:
1988

Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol:
1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Copa João Havelange:
2000

Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol:
2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016

1959: Briglia | 1960: Bececê | 1961: Pelé | 1962: Coutinho | 1963: Pelé/Ruiter | 1964: Pelé | 1965: Bitá | 1966: Bitá/Toninho Guerreiro | 1967: Chiclete/César Maluco/Ademar Pantera | 1968: Ferretti/Toninho Guerreiro | 1969: Edu | 1970: Tostão | 1971: Dario | 1972: Dario/Pedro Rocha | 1973: Ramón | 1974: Roberto Dinamite | 1975: Flávio Minuano | 1976: Dario | 1977: Reinaldo | 1978: Paulinho | 1979: César/Roberto César | 1980: Zico | 1981: Nunes | 1982: Zico | 1983: Serginho Chulapa | 1984: Roberto Dinamite | 1985: Edmar | 1986: Careca | 1987: Müller | 1988: Nílson | 1989: Túlio | 1990: Charles Fabian | 1991: Paulinho McLaren | 1992: Bebeto | 1993: Guga | 1994: Túlio/Amoroso | 1995: Túlio | 1996: Nunes/Renaldo | 1997: Edmundo | 1998: Viola | 1999: Guilherme | 2000: Adhemar | 2001: Romário | 2002: Luís Fabiano/Rodrigo Fabri | 2003: Dimba | 2004: Washington | 2005: Romário | 2006: Rodrigo Souza | 2007: Josiel | 2008: Keirrison/Washington/Kléber Pereira | 2009: Adriano/Diego Tardelli | 2010: Jonas | 2011: Borges | 2012: Fred | 2013: Éderson | 2014: Fred | 2015: Jádson

Curry County (Oregon)

Koordinater:

Curry County er et fylke i den amerikanske delstaten Oregon. Det ligger i det sørvestlige hjørnet av staten og det grenser mot Coos County i nord, Douglas County i nordøst og mot Josephine County i øst. Det har også grense mot delstaten California i sør og Stillehavet i vest.

Curry Countys totale areal er 5 150 km² hvorav 935 km² er vann. I 2000 hadde fylket 21 137 innbyggere og administrasjonssenteret ligger i byen Gold Beach og fylkets største by er Brookings. Fylket ble grunnlagt i 1855 og har fått sitt navn etter guvernør George Law Curry.

Baker · Benton · Clackamas · Clatsop · Columbia · Coos · Crook · Curry · Deschutes · Douglas · Gilliam County · Grant · Harney · Hood River · Jackson · Jefferson · Josephine · Klamath · Lake · Lane · Lincoln · Linn · Malheur · Marion · Morrow · Multnomah · Polk · Sherman · Tillamook · Umatilla · Union · Wallowa · Wasco · Washington · Wheeler · Yamhill

Бонштедт, Вильгельм

5 октября 1888(1888-10-05)

Шмарсов (ныне Шмардцево, Польша), Германская империя

11 августа 1947(1947-08-11) (58 лет)

Хамельн, ФРГ

Германская империя Германская империя (до 1918)
Веймарская республика Веймарская республика (до 1933)
Третий рейх Третий рейх

сухопутные войска

1909—1945

генерал-лейтенант

32-я пехотная дивизия

Первая мировая война
Вторая мировая война

Вильгельм Бонштедт (нем. Wilhelm Bohnstedt; 5 октября 1888 — 11 августа 1947) — немецкий военачальник, генерал-лейтенант вермахта, командующий 32-й пехотной дивизией во время Второй мировой войны. Кавалер Рыцарского креста Железного креста, высшего ордена Третьего рейха. Взят в плен в 1945 году, где находился вплоть до своей смерти в 1947 году.

Crashdïet

Crashdïet (often stylized as CRASHDÏET) are a Swedish hard rock band from Stockholm. They have released four albums: 2005’s Rest in Sleaze, 2007’s The Unattractive Revolution, 2010s Generation Wild and 2013’s The Savage Playground

The band was originally formed in 2000 and built up a cult following with the release of their first demos, several of which were released on their official website via download. However, in late 2002, the band split up, with former members joining Repugnant and SubVision. Vocalist Dave Lepard then reformed the band with members from the current lineup, guitar player Martin Sweet and bassist Peter London were announced on the band’s website on Christmas Day along with a call for drummers. In April 2003 Eric Young was announced as the band’s new drummer. In 2003 Crashdiet released their first self-titled EP, and in 2004 they were signed to Universal Records.

In 2005, the band released their debut album, Rest in Sleaze, and embarked on a Swedish tour in the fall of 2005 to support the album. The album did well overall (debuted at No. 12 on the Swedish album chart) although they were not especially famous outside of Sweden. The band also played at Download Festival in the United Kingdom in 2005, to support the album. The album debuted at No. 12 on the Swedish album chart and Four singles were produced from that album, including „Riot in Everyone“, „Breakin‘ the Chainz“, „Knokk ‚Em Down“ and „It’s a Miracle“.

On January 20, 2006, vocalist Dave Lepard committed suicide at the age of 25, after a bout of depression during which he hid from family and friends. After the death of Lepard, the band decided to end the band and said in an official statement that:

Several months later, on April 2, they decided to start the band up again after getting support from the Lepard family and fans all over the world, they announced the following statement via their website:

It would be a shame NOT to spread the message across the whole world and let them know what real music should sound like!

On January 22, 2007 the band announced the addition of a new vocalist, H. Olliver Twisted from Finland (also playing in the band Reckless Love). They officially released their entire debut live performance (on the Rest in Sleaze Festival in February) with Olliver via their website as a free download. Later in the year the band also announced plans for the album The Unattractive Revolution, and a single, „In The Raw“, to be released on September 5, 2007, in Sweden.The album was released on October 3, 2007 and debuted at No. 11 on the Swedish album chart.

In November–December 2007, and February–April 2008 Crashdiet toured as opening act for Hardcore Superstar and on February 23, the band announced via their official website that the second single from their new album would be „Falling Rain“ On July 13, 2008 it was announced via the band’s official website that H. Olliver Twisted had come to an agreement with the band to go their separate ways. In 2009 the band announced their new lead singer, Simon Cruz and played their first show with him on the Sweden Rock Cruise in October.

On April 14, 2010, the band released Generation Wild, their first album with their new singer, Simon Cruz, and it debuted at No. 3 on the Swedish Album Chart. The title track was released as the first single on February 28, 2010, and its music video was banned by MTV due to obscene images. In September they were the opening act for Ozzy Osbourne in Globen, Sweden, and in October, the band played in front of 50,000 people at the SWU Festival in Brazil.

Chemical, the second single from Generation Wild, was released on September 19. On March 24, 2011, Crashdiet launched the European „Dark Decadence Tour“ with Hardcore Superstar and the 69 Eyes that ended on April. 16 Only a couple days later, they played a UK tour with Houston as co-headliners. On June 4, the band announced on their website that they will film their Sweden Rock Festival show on June 8 for an upcoming DVD.

Generation Wild was released on vinyl on November 2. This version also featured a bonus track called „Hollywood Teaze“.

The band released their fourth album, The Savage Playground, on January 22, 2013. The first single, „Cocaine Cowboys,“ was released on December 14, 2012. Singer Simon Cruz left the band in the middle of their 2015 Japan tour.

* Japanese release includes exclusive video footage

Dart Cambridge

The Dart Cambridge was a single-seat competition sailplane built in the United Kingdom in the 1930s. A development of the Grunau Baby, only two were built, flying with gliding clubs.

The Cambridge first appeared as the Zander and Weyl Cambridge, making its first flight a few months before Zander and Weyl Ltd. changed its name to Dart Aircraft Ltd. Like the Slingsby Kite 1, the Cambridge was an updated version of the successful and influential Grunau Baby. It retained the Baby wing with its thick, high lift airfoil, though slightly increased in span, introduced a smoother monocoque fuselage, a tailplane of greater span and a new rudder.

The wings of the Cambridge had a constant chord to about half span, outboard of which the leading edge was slightly swept and the trailing edge elliptically tapered. The ailerons were hinged on the outboard sections at a slight angle to the main spar, allowing them to be of almost constant chord. No flaps or airbrakes were fitted. The wings were mounted on a raised part of the fuselage just behind the cockpit, with single lift struts from the lower fuselage to the main spar at about one quarter span. The revised tailplane had swept leading edges and the elevators had forward-swept trailing edges, as on the Baby, but their extended span made it more pointed in plan. The fin was very narrow, with the rudder and elevator hinges at the same fuselage position. The rudder was almost semi-circular.

The smooth plywood monocoque fuselage became more slender aft of the pylon carrying the wing. The cockpit was open. A combination of a single, short, fuselage-mounted skid and integral tail bumper served as an undercarriage.

The Cambridge first flew on 1 December 1935. A second aircraft, known as the Cambridge 2, was a little lighter and had larger ailerons.

The first Cambridge was owned by the Duke of Grafton, who was one of the founding members of the Cambridge University Gliding Club (CUGC). It was flown as a club aircraft and was entered by them into the 1939 National Soaring Contests, though without making much impression. It was registered by the club after World War II in the brief period from 1949 when UK gliders appeared on the CAA register. It was de-registered by CUGC in 1953, by which time gliders no longer required CAA registration. Its later history is uncertain; it was at RAF Dishforth for a while and may have been burnt before 1973.

The Cambridge 2 was operated by the London Gliding Club who flew it into 6th place in the 1937 National Competitions, though it gained no prizes.

Data from Ellison

General characteristics

Performance

Salicornioideae

About 11 genera, see text

The Salicornioideae are a subfamily of the flowering plant family Amaranthaceae (sensu lato, including the Chenopodiaceae). Important characters are succulent, often articulated stems, strongly reduced leaves, and flowers aggregated in thick, dense spike-shaped thyrses. These halophytic plants are distributed wordwide.

The Salicornioideae are annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs, or low shrubs. Their stems are glabrous and often apparently jointed. The alternate or opposite leaves are fleshy, glabrous, often basally connate and stem-clasping (thus forming the joints), with missing or short free leaf blades.

The spike-shaped inflorescences consist of alternate or opposite bracts, these are often connate and stem-clasping, sometimes free. In the axil of each bract, there are one to five (rarely to twelve) flowers, free or sometimes fused to each other, to the bract, and to the inflorescence axis. The flowers are usually bisexual (the lateral flowers may be unisexual). The 2-5-lobed perianth consists of two to five connate tepals. There are one or two stamens and an ovary with mostly two stigmas.

In fruiting phase, the perianth remains membranous or becomes spongy, crustaceous, or horny. The fruit wall (pericarp) may be membranous, fleshy, chartaceous, crustaceous, woody, or horny. The seed is disc-shaped, lenticular, ovoid or wedge-shaped. Its surface may be smooth, papillose, reticulate, tuberculate or longitudinally ribbed. The embryo is curved, half-annular or horseshoe-shaped, rarely only slightly curved. In most genera, the seed contains copious perisperm, but a feeding tissue is missing in Salicornia and Sarcocornia.

The majority of the Salicornieae species are C3-plants. There is only one species that has developed C4-photosynthesis, Tecticornia indica (syn. Halosarcia indica).

Plants from the Salicornioideae are found around the world. All are halophytes, growing in coastal or inland saline habitats.

The Salicornioideae originated in Eurasia about 38-28 million years ago, during the Late Eocene/Early Oligocene, and radiated rapidly into its major lineages. Kalidium, the Halocnemum/Halostachys-lineage, Halopeplis, and the Allenrolfea/Heterostachys-lineage were branching off early. Later developed the Arthrocnemum/Microcnemum-lineage, the Halosarcia-lineage (with Halosarcia, Pachycornia, Tecticornia, Sclerostegia, Tegicornia), and the Salicornia/Sarcocornia-lineage. Already in the Middle Miocene, about 19-14 million years ago, all major lineages were present.

The taxon was first published in 1849 by Alfred Moquin-Tandon as a tribe Salicornieae within the family Chenopodiaceae. In 1934, Oskar Eberhard Ulbrich raised the taxon to subfamily level and named it Salicornioideae (in: A. Engler & K. Prantl (eds.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, Vol. 16c).

The family Chenopodiaceae is now included in Amaranthaceae s.l.

Phylogenetic research supports the monophyly of the subfamily. According to Kadereit et al. (2006), it comprises just one tribe, the Salicornieae. Traditionally two tribes had been distinguished, Halopeplideae and Salicornieae, but these are not monophyletic.

List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: P–Q

The historical concept and definition of sexual orientation varies and has changed greatly over time; for example the word „gay“ was not used to describe sexual orientation until the mid 20th century. A number of different classification schemes have been used to describe sexual orientation since the mid-19th century, and scholars have often defined the term „sexual orientation“ in divergent ways. Indeed, several studies have found that much of the research about sexual orientation has failed to define the term at all, making it difficult to reconcile the results of different studies. However, most definitions include a psychological component (such as the direction of an individual’s erotic desire) and/or a behavioural component (which focuses on the sex of the individual’s sexual partner/s). Some prefer to simply follow an individual’s self-definition or identity.

The high prevalence of people from the West on this list may be due to societal attitudes towards homosexuality. The Pew Research Center’s 2003 Global Attitudes Survey found that „[p]eople in Africa and the Middle East strongly object to societal acceptance of homosexuality. But there is far greater tolerance for homosexuality in major Latin American countries such as Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil. Opinion in Europe is split between West and East. Majorities in every Western European nation surveyed say homosexuality should be accepted by society, while most Russians, Poles and Ukrainians disagree. Americans are divided–a thin majority (51 percent) believes homosexuality should be accepted, while 42 percent disagree.“

This is a partial list of confirmed famous people who were or are gay, lesbian or bisexual. Famous people who are simply rumored to be gay, lesbian, or bisexual are not listed.

Category:LGBT culture

C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group

The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) is a network of the world’s megacities taking action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. C40 harnesses the assets of member cities to address climate risks and impacts locally and globally.

C40 is composed of 83 member cities around the world. On November 26, the former C40 Chairman, the 108th Mayor of New York City, Michael R. Bloomberg, was succeeded by the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Eduardo Paes. Mayor Bloomberg served as the elected leader of the organization from 2010 – 2013, he will stay on as the President of the C40 Board of Directors. Along with the Chairman, a rotating steering committee of C40 mayors provides strategic direction and governance. Current steering committee members include: Tokyo, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Jakarta, London, Seoul, Los Angeles, Copenhagen, Milan, Boston, Mexico City, Amman and Rio de Janeiro. With a focus on collaboration among member cities to excel climate actions[clarification needed], C40 has established eighteen networks across seven initiative areas with a to support collaborative problem solving, promote the exchange of programs and policies developed by cities, and facilitate targeted peer-to-peer dialogue among city staff.

Through these efforts, C40 aims to demonstrate that cities are significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions and hopes to provide proven models that other cities and national governments can adopt. In the words of C40 President Michael Bloomberg: „While international negotiations continue to make incremental progress, C40 Cities are forging ahead. Collectively they have taken more than 5,000 actions to tackle climate change, and the will to do more is stronger than ever. As innovators and practitioners, our cities are at the forefront of this issue – arguably the greatest challenge of our time.“

The organization started in October 2005 when the former mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, convened representatives from 18 megacities to pursue action on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The meeting resulted in an agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by taking action on a number of points, most notably procurement policies and alliances to accelerate the uptake of climate-friendly technologies. This agreement began what later became known as the C40 Climate Leadership Group.

In 2006, Mayor Livingstone and the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI)—led by the efforts of former U.S. President Bill Clinton—, bringing the number of cities in the network to 40 and helping to deliver projects and project management for participating cities to further enhance emissions reductions efforts.

Serving as C40’s first Chairman, Mayor Livingstone established the C40 Secretariat in London, set up the C40 Steering Committee, and initiated the use of C40 workshops to exchange best practices amongst participating cities. In 2008, former Mayor of Toronto David Miller took over as C40 Chairman. Highlights of his tenure included the Copenhagen Climate Summit for Mayors and the C40 Cities Mayors Summit in Seoul, both in 2009, as well as the launch of practical action initiatives for cities, such as the C40-CCI Climate Positive Development Program and the Carbon Finance Capacity Building program.

The tenure of current C40 Chairman, Rio de Janeiro Mayor Eduardo Paes, began in December 2013, following the 2010-2013 Chairmanship of the Mayor of New York City Michael Bloomberg. Key milestones in 2011 include the full integration of the CCI Cities Program into the C40, the C40 Cities Mayors Summit in Sao Paulo, the release of two reports developed in collaboration with the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and Arup Group Limited, and the announcement of two new partnerships with the World Bank and Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI). Key milestones in 2012 include the first-ever cataloging of mayoral/municipal authority over various city assets, the release of a draft edition of the Global Protocol for Community-scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions to harmonize emissions measurement and reporting across cities, strengthening C40’s partnership with the World Bank to better enable cities in developing parts of the world to drive local climate action, and C40’s announcement at the global Rio+20 climate summit that C40 Cities’ existing actions will reduce global annual GHG emissions by 248 million tonnes in 2020, with the potential to reduce over 1 billion tonnes by 2030. Under Mayor Bloomberg’s leadership, C40 has grown to include 63 cities.

In 2014 C40 Chairman, Rio de Janeiro Mayor Eduardo Paes oversaw the addition of seven new member cities, several groundbreaking research reports, successful international events, and thriving global partnerships – all of which are helping cities make real contributions to the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions and climate risks.

In February, at the C40 Mayoral Summit membership was expanded to include three new African cities: Cape Town, Dar es Salaam and Nairobi. Later in the year, we also welcomed Boston, Chinese cities Shenzhen and Wuhan, and most recently Tshwane in South Africa, bringing their total membership to 70 megacities.

To better support and advance C40 Cities goals, three new networks were launched, including , and .

2014 also saw the release of substantial Research publications, including the , the second installment of C40’s seminal research series that catalogues and analyzes climate action in C40 cities; The Compact of Mayors – the largest cooperative effort among cities to accelerate local climate action. New research by the parties to the Compact, in partnership with Arup, showed that 228 cities worldwide already have plans in place to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions; further showed that cities have a huge potential to contribute to additional reductions beyond what nations have already counted; Finally in December, C40 and partners formally released the , the first global standard for cities to measure and report their greenhouse gas emissions, allowing cities to track their own progress, as well as contribute accurate data to national emissions inventories and goals.

In March 2015 C40 further expanded their membership to 75 megacities, bringing Amman, Jaipur, Durban, Quito and Salvador on board.

In August 2015 C40 extended a warm welcome to newest member cities Bengaluru, Dubai, and Quezon City, which together represent more than 22 million urban citizens.

During the U.S.-China Climate Leaders Summit in Los Angeles in September 2015, the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group announced the addition of Chinese megacities Guangzhou and Nanjing to its global network of cities tackling climate change and driving urban action that reduces both greenhouse gas emissions and climate risks, whilst increasing well-being for urban citizens.

Then in November 2015 C40 welcomed Kolkata to join other C40 cities Bengaluru, Delhi NCT, Jaipur, and Bombay as C40’s fifth Indian member city.

December 2015 was a very exciting month for C40. Auckland joined C40 as the first C40 member from New Zealand growing C40 membership to 83 megacities around the world.

In addition, COP21 was run in Paris, France from Nov 20 – Dec 11 and was a pivotal week for the global effort to stave off climate change. But it was also a critical week for cities, who firmly established their roles as key factors for successfully implementing the historic deal.

C40 has 83 participating member cities across seven geographic regions.

Megacities:

Innovator cities:

Observer cities:

While C40 originally targeted megacities for their greater capacity to address climate change, C40 now offers three types of membership categories to reflect the diversity of cities taking action to address climate change. The categories consider such characteristics as population size, economic output, environmental leadership, and the length of a city’s membership.

1. Megacities

2. Innovator Cities

3. Observer Cities

Megacities make up the core of C40’s membership, with the majority of cities currently in this category across developed and developing regions. As such, megacities retain sole access to C40 leadership and governance opportunities, such as serving as C40 Chair, as members of the C40 Steering Committee and the C40 Board.

A C40 Network is an active working group of C40 Cities with commonly identified opportunities, interests or priorities. Networks are supported by C40 staff to facilitate knowledge transfer and peer-to-peer exchange, as well as to provide direct support to cities developing local policies, programmes or projects in the network’s area of focus; this direct support is provided either by C40’s own technical staff or through managed partnerships. Networks are designed to be dynamic and nimble, responding to the changing needs and priorities of participating cities. C40 has established a data-driven approach to identify and launch networks, ensuring that resources are strategically deployed by mapping city priorities to focus areas with the greatest potential GHG and climate risk impact.

C40’s efforts are focused into seven overarching initiative areas and associated networks that allow for support and collaboration among and between C40 cities.

C40 Research, Measurement and Planning leverages their unprecedented database of city actions, extensive network of partnerships, and unique organisational insight to demonstrate the power of cities to address climate change. C40’s Research analyses key trends, identify opportunities for further action across the global C40 network, and help prioritize C40 initiative areas with the greatest potential for action and impact. C40’s research agenda is committed to turning data and planning into implementation. Producing tools, standards and frameworks Research, Measurement and Planning supports cities to implement the most impactful mitigation and adaptation actions and measure and manage their effectiveness.

Sixte Ier

Sixte Ier ou Xyste Ier est, selon la tradition catholique, le 7e évêque de Rome. On considère traditionnellement qu’il a siégé de 115 à 125. Cependant, l’édition de 2003 de l‘Annuario pontificio retient les dates de 117 ou 119 à 126 ou 128.

On ignore tout de lui, bien que la tradition chrétienne des IVe et Ve siècles affirme qu’il est mort en martyr. Il est cependant considéré comme normal pour les chrétiens de cette époque que leurs prédécesseurs soient morts pour leur foi, mais rien historiquement ne vient prouver cette assertion.

C’est lui qui aurait institué le carême.

Considéré comme saint par l’Église, il est fêté le 3 avril. Il est le saint patron des villes italiennes d’Alatri et d’Alife.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Aaron Pettrey

Aaron Pettrey (born June 17, 1986) is an American football placekicker who is currently a free agent. He was formerly a kicker for the Ohio State Buckeyes. Pettrey was signed to the Cincinnati Bengals‘ roster on November 16, 2010 after a season-ending injury to Mike Nugent, another former Buckeye. Pettrey was waived by the Bengals on November 30, 2010. He was two for four on field goal attempts in two games.

Pettrey attended Raceland–Worthington High School and served as quarterback and placekicker. In a September 26, 2003 game at Berea, Pettrey kicked a Kentucky state-record 58-yard field goal. This broke Middlesboro’s Dustin Wynn’s record of 57 yards, set on October 2, 1998 at Harlan.

Pettrey attended Ohio State University.

Pettrey kicked for the Cincinnati Bengals for two weeks, making 2 of 4 field goal attempts and converting all 5 PATs attempted.

Pettrey kicked for the Las Vegas Locomotives of the United Football League in 2011. After a 3 for 3 kicking performance in week one, Pettrey was named the UFL’s Special Teams Player of the Week.

Pettrey kicked for the Cleveland Gladiators of the Arena Football League in 2012.

With the Gladiators having kicking problems in 2013, Pettrey was assigned to the Gladiators and solidified the position. He was placed on injury reserve on July 11, 2013.

Pettrey had his most successful season to date for the Gladiators, making a career high 8 field goals and 106 PATs. He man 3 game-winning field goals, including a 36-yard shot against the Philadelphia Soul as time expired to advance to the American Conference Championship.

On September 29, 2014, Pettrey was placed on reassignment by the Gladiators.